An Exposition of the Five Chiastic Stanzas at my Church – the Gospel of Isaiah 52:13-15 thru 53:1-12
As a Christian, I must not view the doctrine of interposition as a mere horizontal good work or accomplishment, as I am nothing but excrement in His hand. I do this vertically to imitate God and Christ. Whether it be how God interposed against David’s enemies in Psalm 144 or how Christ interposed for God’s elect in Isaiah 53. I do this to glorify God and exalt Christ. And this is not done without preaching or sharing His glorious Gospel.
The notes to this sermon can be viewed below this video.
Isaiah chapter 53 (the five chiastic stanzas in the Marrow of the Gospel – chap 52:13-15 thru 53:1-12)
Intro: Isaiah 53 is the last of what are known as the four “Suffering Servant Songs.” The first Servant Song can be found in Chap. 42:1–9, the second in Chap. 49:1–7, the third in Chap. 50:4–11; and this one, the fourth song, is found in Chapters 52:13–15 to the end of Chap. 53.
So to put Isaiah 53 in a better context, it would be better to teach beginning with Chapter 52 verses 13, and will end with chapter 53 verse 12.
The “Suffering Servant” mentioned here is Jesus Christ. This passage is often quoted throughout the New Testament. Jesus Christ the Lamb of God suffered horrifically in the place of His sheep, God’s elect, His church.
The late Dr. Robert Hawkers of the 1700’s, said this of chapter 53 ~
“This may very well be called the Chapter of Chapters, concerning the Lord Jesus Christ; in which the two great features of his character are drawn to the full: the sufferings of Christ; and the glory that should follow. The Prophet, under the Holy Ghost, most blessedly sets forth the Lord Jesus, under both.”
RC Sproul Sr. said, “In this “servant Song” the Lord’s triumphant victory is revealed through crushing oppression and judgement. How does the Lord provide those glorious robes of righteousness for His defiled bride? How does the strong arm of the Lord win this victory? He accomplishes it by afflicting His obedient Servant in our place (His church). This ‘Suffering Servant’ is Jesus Christ.”
Throughout this chapter, we will see that it is rich in Christology, and the Doctrine of the ‘Substitutionary Atonement.’ The SA is also known as the “great exchange.” However in this study, we will also ‘scratch the surface’ of many other important applicable doctrines i.e.
- The Doctrine of glorification
- A definite, limited, or particular atonement
- Propitiatory offering
- Original sin
- The Imputation of Christ
- The Doctrine of Interposition, and the Ascension of Christ
As the Latin phrase says… Totum Pro Vulnere Corpus…..
This fourth Suffering Servant Song is divided by five chiastic (Ky-as-stick) stanzas, containing three verses each. Those stanzas are chapter 52 vs 13-15, Chapter 53 vs 1-3, then verses 4-6, then verses 7-9, and the fifth stanza in verses 10-12.
Stanzas 1 and 5 focus on the victory of the suffering Servant.
Stanzas 2 and 4 focus on the realities of His suffering, and the central theme, or the ‘central stanza’ reveals the reason for His suffering.
Chapter 52 verses 13-15 are a summary or a preface, to the humiliation and exaltation of Christ the ‘suffering Servant.’
Then later in this study, the intensity escalates into a violent catastrophic, prophetic exchange of sins (but only on behalf of some). Whereas the only innocent man in the entire world (God the Son), received the full wrath of God the Father.
This study begins with the ‘fourth song,’ ‘Stanza 1′ – Isaiah 52:13-15.
Please stand for the reading of the first 3 verses.
13 Behold, My servant will prosper, He will be high and lifted up and greatly exalted. 14 Just as many were astonished at you, My people, So His appearance was marred more than any man, and His form more than the sons of men. 15 Thus He will sprinkle many nations, Kings will shut their mouths on account of Him; For what had not been told them they will see, And what they had not heard they will understand.”
Vs 13 says “Behold, My servant will prosper, He will be high and lifted up and greatly exalted.”
The Prophet Isaiah says Christ shall ‘prosper.’ Some translations say Christ will ‘act wisely’ or ‘deal ‘prudently.’ In the Hebrew, the implication here is Christ would act with such intelligence and discernment, as to succeed in His objectives, and fulfill His Fathers will.
Jesus the suffering Servant is not only lifted upon that Cross. But to be more accurate, in the Hebrew this means that His Divine nature and majesty was magnified.
He was lifted up, mounted up, He was raised-up super-la-tiv-ely high. He became Higher than high, and higher than any other man. High enough to later sit at the right hand of the Father, to become equal with the Father (Acts 2:32-39).
It says in Phil 2:9 “Therefore God has highly exalted him, and bestowed on him the name that is above every name.”
In the next verse, vs 14 this poem shifts from being exalted High, to an apparent defeat.
In verse 14 it says “Just as many were astonished at you, My people, So His appearance was marred more than any man, and His form more than the sons of men.”
Many were shocked, and astonished at His appearance.
Though I am not endorsing this movie, and I am adamantly against Roman Catholicism. But the movie ‘Passion of Christ’ may have been the most graphic Hollywood depiction of the crucifixion of Christ, but it was not even close to how Jesus was truly tortured.
Here the scripture says that Jesus was marred beyond human semblance. This word “marred” is the Hebrew word mishchath’ (mish-cheth‘), which tells of Christ’s disfigurement, and His bodily physical ‘medical’ corruption.
Johnathan Edwards said “Many were astonied (a-ston-eed) at Him; His visage was so marred, more than any man, and His form more than the sons of men. They were offended in Him. He had no form of comeliness; and when they saw Him, there was no beauty that they should desire Him.”
Christ’s face was either shredded, and/or ‘ripped off’ beyond human semblance. His skull may have been visible.
Christ was being subjected to the utmost inhumane cruelty. His appearance was so awful, that the people were astonished. It says Christ’s disfigurement went beyond what any other human had seen. It was unheard of, and unseen until this crucifixion.
But stand by, Christ’s appearance will change upon His Second Coming.
Moving on to verse 15.
Vs 15 says “Thus He will sprinkle many nations, Kings will shut their mouths on account of Him; For what had not been told them they will see, And what they had not heard they will understand.”
It says that thru the bludgeoned, disfigured, shredded, blood spattered body of Christ, that He would shed His blood across many Nations.
His Sacrifice and Atonement went beyond Israel, and across to many Nations.
It says in Hebrews 9:22 “And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood there is no remission of sin.”
Christ is seen here as the Lamb that was slain (thru His bloodshed), for the foundations of the world, but He is also seen here in His ‘priestly duties’ re the sprinkling of His blood.
It says “Kings shall shut their mouths because of him.”
When Kings and their people see that the suffering Servant has been exalted as the Christ, they will be in awe, this will be a true ‘shock and awe,’ they will become speechless.
When they realize that this Servant exalts to His throne, as an equal to the Father, they will be utterly amazed.
It also says “for that which has not been told them, they see.”
At this time many Nations have already been evangelized, but now they have a visual demonstration to see what they have not yet heard.
This is a ‘prophetic depiction’ as to how the
preaching of the Gospel coincides with the death, burial, and resurrection of
Christ, as well as His ascension. Here many saw what they did not yet hear, but
today they can hear what they cannot see.
Now continuing into Chapter 53
Verses 1-3 will be stanza #2
Vs 1-3 “Who has
believed our message? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?
2 For He grew up before Him like
a tender shoot,
And like a root out of parched ground; He has no stately form or majesty
That we should look upon Him, Nor appearance that we should be attracted to Him. 3 He was despised and forsaken of men, A man of sorrows and acquainted with grief; And like one from whom men hide their face, He was despised, and we did not esteem Him.”
Verse 1 of stanza 2 says, “Who has believed our message? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?”
Many from this Jewish Nation rejected Christ as the Messiah. While many from all over the world, repent and believe; but our Jewish neighbors (at large) still reject Jesus as the Messiah.
Today many Jews dispise this chapter, and they claim it does not exist. Try preaching it on Rodeo Dr. I have video of the Beverly Hills police investigating our preaching of Isaiah 53, on Rodeo Dr.
The NKJV translates vs 1 as this. “Who has believed our report? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?”
Let us look at the words ‘believed our message, or report.’
This word ‘believe’ is the Hebrew word ‘âman (aw-man’), which is more than an intellectual belief (similarly to the NT word believe).
This ‘âman means to build-up or support; to foster as a parent or nurse; figuratively to render or be firm or faithful, to be faithful of long continuance, steadfastness, surely, verified, and/or to put your trust in.
This word ‘message’ or report’ is the Hebrew word shmuw`ah (sem-oo-aw’), which means the thing heard, i.e. an announcement, doctrine, mentioned news.
Perhaps you’ve never seen the presence of evangelism in Isaiah 53, but it is here.
Hawkers said, “The Gospel of Christ is a report, and full of glad tidings of
good things; yet so very generally is it despised and scorned, that the
question is here put, who hath believed it? Reader! When we consider who Christ
is in himself, and how essentially necessary his salvation is to all men; it
becomes a matter of wonder that all men, universally speaking, do not embrace
it in transports of joy. >
But, on the other hand, when we consider how sunk and fallen our nature is, even to the total ignorance of our ruin, it becomes a matter of still greater wonder, that any should receive it. Nothing, indeed, but sovereign grace can accomplish it in the heart. It is the Lord, that must make his people willing in the day of his power.”
It says in Romans 10:14-17, “How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? And how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? And how shall they hear without a preacher? And how shall they preach, except they be sent? As it is written, how beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things! But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report? So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.”
This is why it is important to preach the glorious Gospel in Israel, as well as other Nations. Because the Gospel is the power of God unto salvation.
But sadly today most Americans and their churches go to Israel for vacations. As I stated before. “I cringe at the thought of the MILLIONS and MILLIONS of dollars that churches within America raise each year, so that their sheep can go to Israel for nothing more than a learning experience, a paid vacation, and/or a gloried field-trip. To do so without primarily sharing the Gospel, is self-serving and gratuitous. But the Bible does command Christians to go out and preach His glorious Gospel, and to even be willing to lay down their life for the cause of Christ.”
Back to verse one, “Who has believed our message? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?
Verse 1b says “And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?”
This is where we see the ‘interposition doctrine.’
This phrase “arm of the Lord” is a phrase that is used to ‘interpose’ in human affairs. Whereby God delivers His people, and punishes His foes.
This ‘arm of the Lord’ displays and represents the mighty incarnate power of God, and that Jesus will either be your Deliverer, or your Destroyer.
The Hebrew word for this “arm of the Lord” is zerôa‛ (zer-o’-ah), which means the arm to be stretched-out like the foreleg of an animal, to be slain. It also means force, help, mighty-power, and a shoulder. It also means a symbol of strength, a symbol of forces (both political and militarily).
Johnathan Edwards said “By the same verses it is evident that it was Christ, the second person of the Trinity, that went before Israel when they came out of Egypt. God calls His Son “Arm,” as Jacob calls his son “his right hand.”
Now that we’ve examined His ‘arm,’ let’s examine the word ‘Lord.’
This ‘Lord’ comes from the Hebrew word Yehôvâh (yeh-ho-vaw’) which means the Existing One, or thee Eternal One; It is also the Jewish national name of God.
Mistakenly the unsaved Jews expected, and are still waiting for their Messiah, but He has come, He is right here. They were waiting for a man Kingly in-appearance, dressed in Royalty; but instead our next verse (vs 2) described Jesus as much less in appearance.
Verse 2 of stanza 2 says “For He grew up before Him like a tender shoot, and like a root out of parched ground; He has no stately form or majesty that we should look upon Him, Nor appearance that we should be attracted to Him.”
Since Jesus was first rejected at the Inn, and then born in a dirty ‘feeding trough,’ it says that Jesus then grew-up like a ‘young plant.’
This ‘young plant’ is the Hebrew word yônêq (yo-nake’), which is a sucker or a shoot from a tree stump, or a suckling that is near his mother’s breast, or a twig, or a tender plant.
I struggled while preparing this sermon. It is difficult to repeat how the Prophet Isaiah describes the Lord here.
In the Hebrew translation, it seems more like blasphemy to describe Jesus as such. The Hebrew Text is hard to imagine. But the Prophet is boldly describing the appearance and humility of Jesus here, and what people mistakenly thought of Him. I could not imagine the eternal wrath upon those that have “another Jesus” that Paul warned about, as well as the unsaved Jews.
In the Hebrew this means that Jesus did not demonstrate a beautiful figure or appearance, or countenance. He did not appear to be of an Excellency.
Remember the Scriptures also says that He came riding-in on a donkey.
But the Scriptures also foretold us in Isaiah 11:1-3 “There shall come forth a shoot from the stump of Jesse, and a branch from his roots shall bear fruit. And the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, the Spirit of counsel and might, the Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the Lord. And his delight shall be in the fear of the Lord.”
Verse 3 of stanza 2 says, “He was despised and forsaken of men, A man of sorrows and acquainted with grief; And like one from whom men hide their face He was despised, and we did not esteem Him.”
It says the Lord Jesus was a ‘man of sorrows’ and was acquainted with grief.”
In the Hebrew this says that Jesus experienced grief, pain, and sorrow. He also experienced malady, anxiety, calamity, disease, grief, and sickness.
He was further described in Psalm 22:6 as, “But I am a worm and not a man, scorned by mankind and despised by the people.”
The Prophet says the Lord Jesus was so rejected, that people ‘hid their faces’ from Jesus.
Have you ever seen someone, but you didn’t want them to see you? So you avoided them. This was what our LORD Jesus experienced. This is the way the GOD Man was treated.
As one scholar (JM) said, “The prophet foresees the hatred and rejection by mankind toward the Messiah – Servant, who suffered not only external abuse, but also ‘internal grief’ over the lack of response from those He came to save.”
Next is Stanza 3 – Verses 4-6
Here the Prophet Isaiah begins to tell ‘why’ the Lord Jesus was crucified as such.
We also see the transaction between the lost and Christ, as Christ became the substitute. However this was not a universal atonement.
Vs 4-6 says “Surely our griefs He Himself bore, and our sorrows He carried; Yet we ourselves esteemed Him stricken, Smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, And by His scourging we are healed. 6 All of us like sheep have gone astray, Each of us has turned to his own way; But the Lord has caused the iniquity of us all to fall on Him.”
Vs 4 said “Surely he has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted.”
The words ‘He has borne,’ in Hebrew means to carry (away), to forgive, to pardon.
Christ also ‘carried’ our sorrows. This word ‘carried’ means to carry a burden, to bear, to labour, to bear a load, to drag oneself along.
He has borne the griefs, and carried the sorrows of God’s elect.
Our ‘griefs’ here in the Hebrew, are our malady, our anxiety, our calamity, disease and sickness.
Though here the prophet is speaking of the sickness of our soul, it is also true that when a Christian experiences the ‘doctrine of Glorification’ (after Christ’s Second Coming), that we will be healed physically from all sickness, as He gives us our new body.
These ‘sorrows’ are our ‘anguish,’ our affliction, our grief and pain.
It says we esteemed Him ‘stricken.’ This word stricken means to lay the hand upon, to violently strike, to punish, defeat, or to destroy.
It says He (Christ) was also ‘smitten’ by God. This word ‘smitten’ is the Hebrew word nâkâh (naw-kaw’). It means to strike, to beat, to cast forth, to give wounds, to kill, to punish, to slaughter, to slay, to smite, strike, or to wound.’
At this point, Jesus Christ the Son of God endured the full wrath of God. It’s the same wrath that I deserve, it’s the same wrath that we all deserve, and it’s the same wrath that the unsaved will endure for their eternity.
As one scholar said “He did not merely suffer physical pain and human abandonment on the Cross. He was even abandoned by God, receiving the hellish fate that all people deserve.”
Hell is forever folks, and the wrath of God is forever.
Hebrews 2:17-18 says “Therefore he had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. For because he himself has suffered when tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.”
Moving onto verse 5, where we will see more substitutionary atonement (aka the ‘great exchange’).
Vs 5 “But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, and by His scourging we are healed.”
Vs 5a says He was ‘pierced for our transgressions.’
The word ‘pierced’ in the Hebrew means ‘He was wounded, to profane, to defile, pollute, desecrate. To violate the honour of, to fatally wound, or to be slain.’
And ‘what’ was He pierced for? It says for “our transgressions,” which was our rebel or revolt against the sovereignty of God, as we transgressed God’s Law.
Vs 5b says “He was crushed for our iniquities;”
This word ‘crushed’ also means to ‘beat to pieces,’ to break into pieces, to bruise, to destroy, to humble, oppress, or smite.
And what was He crushed for? Our iniquities, and our sins.
Vs 5c says “upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace,”
This torture that Christ experienced, is what brought peace to those that He would save. As thee substitute for sinners, He brought peace to sinners that become saved.
Vs 5d says “and with his scourging or wounds we are healed.”
Some translations say by His ‘stripes’ we are healed.
These ‘stripes’ that caused His death, has brought salvation to those for whose sins He died.
It says in 1 Peter 2:24 “He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, that we might die to sin and live to righteousness. By his wounds you have been healed.”
Another commentator (RCS) said. “The sufferings of Christ remove the penalty that His people otherwise owe, and as a result, He will undo the effects of sin in them. Death itself will be undone at last.”
As it says in 1 Cor 15:26, “The last enemy to be destroyed is death.”
In the next verse, vs 6, we can see the doctrine of ‘definite atonement,’ or ‘limited atonement’ (aka particular atonement). As well as the doctrine of the ‘imputation of Christ.’
Vs 6 says “All of us like sheep have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; But the Lord has caused the iniquity of us all to fall on Him.”
This phrase ‘we or us like sheep’ in the Hebrew is a ‘flock’ of sheep, or a ‘multitude’ of sheep, it is not universal; it is a ‘particular’ flock.
In other words Christ did not atone for all people in this world, but only for a limited multitude, or definite flock of His sheep.
It says we have all “gone astray.” This Hebrew word tâ‛âh (taw-aw’) means ‘to vacillate, to go astray, or cause to deceive, to dissemble, to err, seduce, to stagger, or to wander off.’
It says we have all sinned, all turned, all gone our own way, “and the Lord has caused, or laid on Him the iniquity of us all.”
This word “has caused or laid” is a primitive root, which means to impinge by violence, to make intercession, to interpose, to meet Him.
It was at ‘this point,’ that the guilt of our sins (those saved) was transferred (or imputed) over to Jesus, as He offered Himself as a sacrifice in our place.
As it says in 2 Cor 5:21 “For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him, we might become the righteousness of God.”
This phrase ‘to fall,’ or ‘laid on Him,’ means even much more.
We read in the book of Numbers that the ‘revenger of blood’ was authorized to slay the murderer.
It says in Numbers 35:19 “The avenger of blood shall himself put the murderer to death; when he meets him, he shall put him to death.”
Let’s zoom-in on this “and the Lord has caused,” or “laid.”
And so it is the same verb being used in this pivotal point of crucifixion. Whereas our transgressions would “meet” Christ, or were “met-to” Christ, and God the Father would slay Christ, as if He were the guilty one, instead of us.
Another scholar (JM) said “The manner in which God laid our iniquity on Him was that God treated Him as if He had committed every sin ever committed by every person who would ever believe, though He was perfectly innocent of any sin. God did so to Him, so that wrath being spent and justice satisfied, God could then give to the account of sinners who believe, the righteousness of Christ, treating them as if they had done only righteous acts of Christ. In both cases, this is substitution.”
Moving onto stanza 4, verses 7-9.
Vs 7-9 says “He was oppressed and He was afflicted, yet He did not open His mouth; Like a lamb that is led to slaughter, and like a sheep that is silent before its shearers, so He did not open His mouth. 8 By oppression and judgment He was taken away; And as for His generation, who considered that He was cut off out of the land of the living for the transgression of my people, to whom the stroke was due? 9 His grave was assigned with wicked men, yet He was with a rich man in His death, because He had done no violence, nor was there any deceit in His mouth.”
Vs 7 said “He was oppressed and He was afflicted, yet He did not open His mouth; Like a lamb that is led to slaughter, and like a sheep that is silent before its shearers, so He did not open His mouth.”
Even after all of this torture, it says that He “not opened his mouth.” Though Jesus was 100% innocent, this means that he didn’t speak in His own defense before His accusers. He was totally submissive to His captors. Moreover, to His Fathers will.
It was testified in Matthew 27:12-14. “But when he was accused by the chief priests and elders, he gave no answer. Then Pilate said to him, “Do you not hear how many things they testify against you?” But he gave him no answer, not even to a single charge, so that the governor was greatly amazed.”
Here Jesus assumed the role as the ‘sacrificial Lamb.’
John foretold and declared in John 1:29 “The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!”
Jesus was not a mere man, He was the Christ, the propitiation for the sins of His bride.
Christ’s ‘propitiation’ (hilasmos) placates Gods wrath for His elect, while expiation’ removes our guilt.
As the late Robert Hawkers said, “The expression being taken from prison and from judgment, is uncommonly striking, and plainly confirms the doctrine of his propitiatory offering.”
Vs 8a says He was put to death by “oppression and judgment.” This was a malicious prosecution, a case of prosecutorial malfeasance, and misconduct. He was put to death as a result of an injustice.
Vs 8b says He “was cut off out of the land of the living, stricken for the transgressions of my people?”
One Scholar (JM) explained this this way. “The Servant lost His life to be the substitute ‘object of wrath’ in the place the Jews [others], who by that substitution, will receive salvation, and the righteousness of God imputed to them.”
Vs 9 says “His grave was assigned with wicked men, yet He was with a rich man in His death, because He had done no violence, nor was there any deceit in His mouth.”
They appointed His death, and they appointed Him His grave.
They had made His grave with the wicked, which was those two thieves crucified at each side of Him. But instead, they buried Him with the “rich,” through a tomb provided by the wealthy ‘Joseph of Arimathea.’ Through Joseph, this following prophecy was fulfilled.
It says in Matthew 27:57-60, “When it was evening, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who also was a disciple of Jesus. He went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate ordered it to be given to him. And Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen shroud and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had cut in the rock. And he rolled a great stone to the entrance of the tomb and went away.”
It says in 1 Pet 2:22, “He committed no sin, neither was deceit found in his mouth.”
The last three verses, 10-12 will be ‘stanza 5.’
Vs 10 says “But the Lord was
pleased to crush Him, putting Him to grief;
If He would render Himself as a guilt offering, He will see His offspring,
He will prolong His days, and the good pleasure of the Lord will prosper in His hand.”
In vs 10a it says, “It pleased the LORD to crush (or bruise) Him.”
The words “pleased the Father” is a more accurate translation.
This word “pleased’ is the Hebrew word châphêts (khaw-fates’), which means to incline to, to be pleased with, to delight in, to take pleasure in, or to desire.
This word “crush” or “bruised” is the Hebrew word dâkâ’ (daw-kaw’) which means to crumble; to beat to pieces, to break (in pieces), to crush, destroy, to humble, oppress, and/or smite.”
In the correct language (the Hebrew) we see more of Gods holy hatred of sin, so much that God the Father was ‘delighted’ to kill His only begotten son. He was delighted to ‘tear Him into pieces.’
John Calvin said, “In Christ there was no fault; why, then, was the Lord pleased that he should suffer? Because he stood in our room, and in no other way than by his death could the justice of God be satisfied.”
Vs 10b says “He has put him to grief,” which means ‘to be weak, sick, afflicted, to be diseased, to be wounded.’
There are many false teachers today that wrongfully teach ‘good health’ thru salvation, or that the Lord heals the sick when they draw nearer to the Lord. This verse refutes that false teaching, because the Father even made His only Son sick.
Vs 10c says “If He would render Himself as a guilt offering.”
Christ became the sin offering, the sin sacrifice, the Passover Lamb.
It says in 1 Cor 5:7 “Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are unleavened. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.”
Vs 10d says “he shall see his offspring.”
The LORD will see his offspring, the fruit of His labor, which are those that will become born-again. That is those whom he placated Gods wrath for.
Vs 10e says “he shall prolong his days;”
This refers to the time subsequent to His ‘death and burial.’ Only His bodily resurrection could serve to fulfill a prediction like this.
To be able to see His Seed, the suffering Servant must rise from His grave.
Vs 10f says “And the good pleasure of the Lord will prosper in His hand.”
As another scholar said, “This amazing statement is true because Christ was delivered up according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God.”
Moving onto Vs 11, here we will also see an implication of the ‘doctrine of justification.’
Vs 11 says, “As a result of
the anguish of His soul, He will see it and be
By His knowledge the Righteous One, My Servant, will justify the many, As He will bear their iniquities.”
This ‘knowledge’ is speaking of Gods foreknowledge of this Divine plan.
The LORD foreknew the solution to His church’s sin problem.
As one commentary reads, “Jesus didn’t wrestle sinners to safety, out of the hands of an angry God. His sacrifice to save sinners, was in perfect harmony with the will of the Father.”
In the following cross reference verse, we’ll also see the doctrines of ‘original sin’ and ‘justification.’
Romans 5:18-19 says, “Therefore, as through one man’s offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man’s righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life. For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man’s obedience many will be made righteous.”
We were born sinners because of the first Adams sin, and some will become justified, saved, and accounted righteous, because of the Last Adams death burial and resurrection. Whereas He forever defeated death, and conquered sin for His elect.
What occurred on this cross was a ‘legal transaction with forensic value.’ But only for that those that would repent, and put their faith and trust in Christ.
In that Romans 5 verse it says “by one Man’s obedience, many will be made righteous.” Some of your translations say justified, rather than ‘made righteous.’
This “made or accounted righteous’ demonstrates the ‘doctrine of imputation,’ and ‘justification’ as the ‘righteousness of Christ’ is imputed (or transferred) over to those that would become saved, and that saved sinners’ sin is imputed upon Christ.
The next verse is our last verse.
Vs 12 says, “Therefore, I will allot Him a portion with the
great, and He will divide the booty
with the strong; Because He poured out
Himself to death,
And was numbered with the transgressors; Yet He Himself bore the sin of many,
And interceded for the transgressors.”
Having penned all of chapter 53, the prophet Isaiah now ‘wraps it up’ by saying “Therefore.”
Here the Father divides the “booty” (or “spoils”) of victory with His Triumphant Son.
I love what John Wycliffe said of this “spoil.” “This spoil is ‘The booty of precious souls won to Christ, through the preaching of the Gospel.”
It says He ‘poured-out His soul,’ which speaks of how He gave Himself up for Gods elect.
It says Christ was “numbered with transgressors.” This speaks of how Christ was counted amongst a sinful populace or people, as He assumes a role among sinful humans.
It says Christ bore the sins of “many.” Notice it does not say “all,” but only “many.” These “many” are a particular class of people from ‘all’ over the world. It is those that would become ‘redeemed” or born-again. That is why we call His limited atonement a ‘particular’ atonement.
It says He “makes intercession for the transgressors.”
This is referring to the office of the Intercessory High Priest.
Let me close with these thoughts.
For Christians it says in 1st John 1:9….
It says in Hebrews 7:25, “Consequently, he is able to save to the uttermost those who draw near to God through him, since he always lives to make intercession for them.”
Hebrews 9:24 says, “For Christ has entered, not into holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true things, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God on our behalf.”